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A-immah: Plural of Aalim / Leaders.

Aalim: A learned man.

Aalims: Leaders

Aamul Huzn: Year of sorrow.

Aaquil: Sane.

Adhaan: The call to salaah / prayers

Adl: justice and Equity. A fundamental value governing all social behaviour and forming the basis of all social dealings and legal framework. Its antonym is Zulm or injustice or inequity. In personal life it is often treated by Muslim moralists to be a minimum requirement of becoming a faithful Muslim, the desirable being, being the degree of ihsan, generosity. Thus giving anyone his due is adl but giving him more than his due, voluntarily, is IHSAN.

Afdal: The best.

Ahad: One.

Ahkams: Laws, values and ordinances

Ahlul Bayt: Family of the Prophet's household.

Ahlur Rushd: Discerning people.

Ajrul Mithl: A remuneration based on what is customary in the community

Akhirah: Hereafter.

Akhras: A mute person.

Al Firaq: The separation.

Al Khula: The separation between husband and wife by a pronouncement which includes monetary settlement.

Al Risalah: The message which is sent by messenger.

Al Sarah: The releasing/liberating of the marital bond.

Al Talaq Bil Kitabati Ilal Gha-ib: The talaq in written form to one who is not present.

Al Talaqu Bil Isharah: The divorce by indication.

Al-Aamilu-Alaz-Zakaah: Tax collector.

Al-Ameen: The trustworthy.

Al-Ma'danu War Rikaaz: Minerals and buried treasures.

al-Mu'awwidhatayn: The last two surahs of the Qur'an, i.e. Surah al-Falaq and Surah an-Nas.

Al-Mut-ah: The gift given to a wife.

Al-Na-Am: Livestock.

al-Qullays: The church which Abrahah built in San'a, intending to divert Arabs from the Ka'bah in Makkah to it.

Alaihis Salaam: May Allah's peace be upon him.

Allah: The Creator and Sustainer of all. The supreme being.

Amaanah: Something given to someone for safekeeping. Trust.

Ameen: May Allah accept.

Ansar: Helpers - title of the people of Madinah who helped the Prophet and his Companions when they migrated from Makkah to Madinah.

Aqd: A contract.

Aqd Saheeh: A legal contract

Aqeemah: A woman who cannot have children.

Aqeeqah: The hair which is shaven off from the head of a new born baby when a sacrificial animal is offered.

Ar-Riqaab: The slaves.

Araadib: A specified measure i.e. 4 Araadib and 2 kilos = 61.36 kg.

Arafat: The plain in Mecca where all pilgrims gather on the 9th day of Thul Haj.

Arba-ah: Four.

Arkans: Principles.

as-Sihah: The authentic books of Hadith.

Asid: Violable

Asl: Origin/source/Root

Asr: Late afternoon prayer.

Ath-har: More distinct/more manliest (authentic).

Athar: Traditions of the Holy Prophet's companions

Awaaq: (Of silver) 200 Dirhams.

Awsaq: A measure equivalent to 60 Saa's approximately. One Saa = 3 Kg approximately

Ayah (pi. Ayaat): Verse(s) of the Holy Qur'an.

Ayt Al-Maal: The concept of the Bayt-al-Maal implies that the money paid into the treasury are in Allah's trust and become the common property of the Muslims and that the head of the state merely holds the position of a trustee whose duty it is to expand the funds of the Bayt-al-Maal on the common concern of all its people. Thus the Bayt-al-Maal is responsible for collecting the revenues of the state and expanding them for the welfare of the people.

Ayyam at-Tashriq: The three days (11th, 12th, 13th) of the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.

Ayyam-e-Jahilliyah: Period of ignorance.

Az-Zuru-U-Wath Thimaar: Vegetables and fruit